Since Halloween just past us by, I thought I would write about perhaps one of the scariest topics in web analysis, web data accuracy. In the marketing world, we are fortunate to live in the day and age of the internet for many reasons. Perhaps the most important, is that we can track the success of marketing campaigns so precisely.
We now have the ability to track and measure how successful an adwords campaign is at persuading prospects to visit a site and convert. We can see if our TV commercial is having a positive affect on our online sales. This kind of virtual instant insight provides us with opportunities to improve our overall ROI.
However, all the benefits the web has to offer come with challenges. We can try come as close to possible as gathering accurate information but there will always be discrepancies. One way to understand why the information you are gathering is not 100% accurate is to first grasp how the data is being collected.
Methods for Data-Capture
Perhaps the most common method for capturing web data today is through the use of data-page tags. A data-page tag works by placing java-script code or tags on each page of your site. The data is collected by the visitor’s web browser and sent to a remote data-collection server such as Google Analytics. A user then views the data collected through the remote server portal.
Google Analytics has access to the page tags implemented on a domain through the use of 1st party cookies. A cookie is used by the web server (Google, in this case) by transmitting messages to a web browser. The visitor’s browser then stores the cookie information on the local hard drive. Google uses these cookies to identify user-behavior in its reporting. For example, cookies enable us to track first-time vs. repeat visitors and how many times a return visitor comes back to the site for a certain period.
Why Web Data May Not Be Accurate
Of course, it’s best to try to avoid as many discrepancies in data as possible by ensuring that all site tagging is complete and correct. There are just some things we have little control over. Although the information you collect may not be entirely accurate, you can still uncover actionable trends! Typically, error bars remain relatively constant on a weekly, monthly, or even yearly basis. As Brian Clifton states in his free whitepaper download ‘Understanding Web Analytics Accuracy,’ “As long as you use the same measurement ‘yard stick,’ visitor number trends will be accurate.
What This Means For You
We do not endorse ignoring the issue of web analytics accuracy. We do encourage you not to lose sleep over it and certainly not to hinder yourself from finding the trends in your data that provide you with the actionable insights to improve your conversions and ultimately your bottom-line.